Afke Schaart is the Vice-President and Head of Europe for GSMA leading GSMA’s interests in Europe. Before joining GSMA in February 2015 Afke led the EU Institutional Relations Team of Microsoft in Brussels responsible for Microsoft’s engagement with the EU Institutions, Council of Europe and the OECD. Before joining Microsoft Afke served as a Member of Parliament in the Netherlands and was the spokesperson for Economic Affairs and Innovation, Technology and ICT for the People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD). Prior to that she was responsible for KPN's policy interests and governmental affairs in Europe. She started her professional life at Shell and has studied Political Sciences with a specialization in International Relations in Amsterdam. Afke Schaart was also a Council Member of the Municipality of Wassenaar (the Netherlands) for the VVD. She has been a board member of ECP-EPN, platform for public-private cooperation in the information society and a board member of the European Internet Foundation (EIF). She is a current board member of the E-Society Platform and a member of the Women in Leadership (WiL) organisation.