Scale-ups are start-ups that have been able to break the “early-stage barrier” and are a candidate to become large global companies and real job creators. The Startup Europe Partnership project under the Startup Europe initiative by the European Commission defines “a scale-up as a development-stage business, specific to high-technology markets, that is looking to grow in terms of market access, revenues, and number of employees, adding value by identifying and realizing win-win opportunities for collaboration with established companies. A startup becomes a scale-up after it has validated its business model hypothesis, solved all the start-up challenges, and thereby is ready for growth – exponential growth”.
In the last few years the EU has started to put big emphasis on closing the gap with the Silicon Valley in the US, which since 1951 has been the cradle of most of the start-ups that today are known as the Internet Giants. At the same time in the Far East some observers report that 12,000 startups are created every day in China to take advantage of the high scalability of the Chinese market. Finally India is predicted to be next big thing for start-ups. Seed funding, incubators, acceleration programmes, educational programmes and campaigns to boost entrepreneurship are now very common at EU, national, regional and local level. Startups have been blossoming across Europe for a while now. Some of them have become success stories, some can call themselves a “unicorn”, many of them are not European any longer because were obliged to move outside Europe and/ or give up ownership to find the money to scale up. The lagging European economy cannot be revived solely on the basis of a thriving ecosystem for startups. The EU need to offer an environment nursing scale-ups and just replicating Silicon Valley is not an option.
At this debate we explored the most up-to-date data available about the European ecosystem, while offering some concrete examples of success stories.